The Different Types and Features of Industrial Lubricants

There are many industrial lubricants, but what differences are different? Understanding differences is essential before starting your next lubrication project. The benefits of each type of lubricant are outlined below. Read on to find out which type is best for your industrial needs.

Oil-based lubricants

The global industrial lubricants market is segmented by base oil and product type into synthetic oil, mineral oil, and bio-based oil. Synthetic oil is expected to grow at the highest CAGR forecast period. The demand for synthetic oil will be driven by the rising demand for industrial lubricant Richmond, VA in the construction and power generation sectors. Synthetic oil offers better performance than mineral oil and is expected to lead the market.

The disadvantages of mineral oil lubricants include environmental concerns, as they are derived from a finite resource and are produced in harmful ways. Synthetic lubricants do not use crude oil, reduce waste, and last longer than mineral oils. However, it is essential to note that a high percentage of mineral oils leaks into the environment, entering water sources and crucial habitats for wildlife. Therefore, manufacturers of synthetic lubricants are urged to consider the environmental impact of their products and make informed decisions when selecting the lubricant.

Synthetic oils

The use of synthetic oils in industrial applications is greener, though it does cost more. Although it is made from biological sources, synthetic oils can last three to four times longer than conventional oils. Additionally, they do not require frequent oil changes, which saves the environment by reducing oil consumption. However, it is essential to remember that these oils are not as pure as the old oils. Therefore, choosing synthetic oils carefully and thoroughly flush old oil from the machine before switching is essential.

Many synthetic oils are highly effective, and AAA tests revealed that they outperformed conventional oils in 46 percent of the tests they underwent. The researchers selected tests to measure key physical, chemical, and performance properties. For example, they looked at oxidation resistance, cold-temperature pumpability, and deposit formation. They also evaluated wear protection. For synthetic oil, better performance means less downtime, lower costs, and less inventory.

Mineral oils

Mineral oils are refined hydrocarbons derived from crude oil. They serve as hydrodynamic lubricants and carriers for boundary lubricants. In refining, the oils may be modified with various additives to enhance their properties and improve their performance. Synthetic oils are petroleum-based and may contain organic esters, silicones, or halogenated organic compounds. These compounds exhibit improved thermal stability and compatibility with various contaminants.

Group II and III mineral oils are commonly used in industrial lubricants in the U.S., Canada, and the Asia Pacific regions. These oils contribute to the improved oxidative performance of industrial lubricants and are less expensive than Group I mineral oils. For this reason, they are often used in place of Group I mineral oils. 

EP lubricants

EP industrial lubricants have several characteristics that differentiate them from other lubricants. EP additives are a more aggressive type than those used in AW products. The primary purpose of EPs is to interact with metal surfaces to form a sacrificial film that prevents adhesion, welding, and seizure of opposing asperities. High contact temperatures activate them. Some EPs are highly corrosive toward yellow metals and are, therefore, unsuitable for these applications.

Different types and features of EP industrial lubricants include: – a strong sulphur odor. EP additives are particularly effective for gear oil and are used in industrial applications with high levels of shock loading. – These additives reduce the corrosive effects of metal-to-metal contact. – EP industrial lubricants are available in two types: synthetic and mineral-based.

Compressor oils

Compressor oils are often made with different components designed to perform specific functions. The first component is the oil itself. The other component is the additives. The additives vary according to the application. In some cases, different compressor oils are made from the same chemical. Polyol esters are one of the most common types of compressor oils, and they are derived from petroleum. They offer good thermal stability and durability. They also mix well with additives and are generally compatible with most other components in an air compressor. However, this type of lubricant has some disadvantages.

For most compressors, premium-grade turbine oils with ISO viscosity grades of 32 or 46 are recommended. You will likely get long-lasting performance if you choose a lubricant that has undergone rigorous testing in controlled environments. In addition, premium-grade products can help compressors last for years after they have been initially filled. Moreover, they are associated with long-term lifecycles and are characterized by reasonable contamination control.